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Stair Calculator. The Stair Calculator is an online tool for calculating various parameters involved in the construction of stairs. Refer to the figure adjacent to the calculator as a reference. A fraction to decimal conversion table for common fractions used in measurements is also provided at the bottom of the page.

I general to calculate weight of cement you need to know the ratio.Once ratio is known to you the you can calculate by using this simple formulae 1.52 / Mix proportion will give you weight of cement per cum from this you calculate weight of cement in kg(1 Cum = .

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A raft or mat foundation is a sizable concrete slab or slab-and-beam system which supports all the loads of superstructure through walls or columns in two or more rows and rests on soil layer or rock. A raft foundation may be rectangular(Fig. 1) or circular(Fig. 3). When mat foundation is supported ...

[PDF]Concrete Strength Testing, Peggy Carrasquillo, Chapter 14, ASTM STP 169C, Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials, American Society for Testing and Mater-ials, West Conshohocken, PA. 3. "Studies of Flexural Strength of Concrete, Part 3, Effects of Variations in Testing Procedures," Stanton Walker and D. L.

A low water to cement ratio is the number one issue effecting concrete quality.. Low water cement ratio impacts all of the desired properties of concrete listed in the desired properties of concrete section.. Use a maximum .50 water to cement ratio when concrete is exposed to freezing and thawing in a moist condition or to deicing chemicals per the 1997 Uniform Building Code.